In International Law, a distinction is made between human trafficking, involving the ‘exploitation..

  • In International Law, a distinction is made between human trafficking, involving the ‘exploitation for forced labour, sexual exploitation or other forms of exploitation’ and the smuggling of migrants which connotes ‘procurement, for financial or material gain, of the illegal entry into a country of which that individual is neither a citizen nor permanent resident’. However, this distinction is being increasingly challenged in the scholarly literature.


  • You should write a short academic essay in response to the question: Is there a distinction between human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants?  Youranalysis should be a sustained reflection on the key elements of this scholarly debate drawing extensively on the academic literature, evaluating the detractions, merits and implications of the respective divergent arguments. As well as undertaking your own research, you should read and refer to the recommended and suggested reading outlined in the worksheets for Workshops One & Two in the module guide.( attached)
  • Required Reading will be attached for yourself  + other academic books as sources (my professor dislike online resources) .

2000 words only !!!!!!





……………..Answer Preview……………

Human smuggling and human trafficking are two terms that have recently gained global attention. The two are thought to be the most elusive forms of organised crime that spur across different nations (Shelley 2014, p. 4). Smuggled persons and trafficked individuals are normally treated inhumanely and sometimes even sold for illicit gains for different purposes in society.  It is important to note that the two terms can be used interchangeably but they do not mean the same thing (Obokata 2005, p.394). Therefore, it is important for the above two terms to be distinguished to avoid confusion in international law…


2784 words


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